The son of the soil, Pa Sonaram R. Sangma is a household name among the Garo tribe occupying an important chapter in the history of Garo people in Meghalaya. August 27th is regarded as an important date within the Garo community as it marks the death anniversary of the Garo leader which is celebrated every year in remembrance of the Legend- Pa Sonaram R. Sangma.
Pa Sonaram R. Sangma was the first among the Garos to create national consciousness among the people of Garo hills. Remembering the Legend in his 103 death anniversary, we bring you the least known facts about Pa Sonaram Sangma
#1. Pa Sonaram R. Sangma was born in the year 1867 (the exact date is not known) in a small hamlet village called Rongrokgre near Nachirongdik in Garo hills.
#2. Pa Sonaram Sangma was the son of Klang Gabil Momin and Chamre Rongrokgre Sangma and of his six siblings, he was the second son in the family. He did his primary schooling from Ja Delahaosa School and further pursued his studies at Tura American Baptist Mission.
#3. Sangma, after completing his studies joined the Government service in the Public Works Department office as a Mohurer. He constructed a road from Tura to Rongrenggiri along the bank of Simsang river via Rombagiri, Chokagiri, Rangmalgiri and Dolwagiri, and this road was known by the people of that localities as Sonaram Sorok or Sonaram road. He left PWD in 1899.
#4. Sonaram R. Sangma was a strong believer in self-abnegation and was devoted to political work and social services as a part of his life. A robust and ardent patriotism bordering upon deep trenchant antagonism to Bijni rule in the Garo dominated areas was the essence of his personality. He was an agitator, a non-violent revolutionary and a great propagandist.
#5. Sonaram was drawn into the vortex of the national struggle against the zamindars and the British. The Nokmas, Laskars and other Garo leaders whose lands were encroached upon by zamindars approached him for advice, guidance and to head the agitation.
#6. He was at the forefront of the Garo national struggle for grievances pertaining to the Nazarana lands and the Habraghat Pargana, restoration of the reserved forests to the Garos and abolition of the Begar system or Impressment of labor.
Updated by: News Sources 2019-08-27 5:41 PM